Drone Registration ??? Drone Laws and Regulations for a Newbie Pilot to Follow !!!
Sounds like a complex process !!! But First
What are Drones ???
Drones are a class of UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) for common use named as drone. It’s an aircraft without human pilot onboard. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is generally controlled by a ground based controller which enables a system of communications for enabling flight time of drones.
It’s operated either by remote control by human operators or by computers (Auto-Pilot).
Since roots of drone technology came back from military but later on used by common people for aerial photography, agriculture, surveillance and modern day FPV drone racing.
Drone Laws ???
So just buying and flying a drone is not that simple as it seems to be because guidelines and speculations of drone flying usually vary from country to country.
But in developing country like India its flight operation is controlled under national aviation authority (Ministry of civil aviation).DGCA proposed its criteria for legislation of drones on 27th August 2018 under fall effect till 1st December 2018.
Rules and Guidelines for drones ownership & flying in India
- Drones excluding for Nano category (weight less than or equal to 250 grams) must be registered in (digitalsky.dgca.gov.in) provided with UIN (Unique Identification Number)
- A drone permit is a requisite except for Nano (weight less than equal to 250 grams) and Micro drone category (250 grams to 2 kilograms).
- Maximum vertical height for drone flight operation is set up to 400 ft. above which is not permissible.
- Drones couldn’t be flown anywhere which includes “NO FLY ZONES”, Airport, Military Installations, etc.
|Nano (Less than equal to 250 grams)||Micro ( 250 grams to 2 kilograms)||Small (2 kilograms to 25 kilograms)||Medium (25 kilograms to 150 kilograms)||Large (150+ kilograms)|
Why Drone Tech giant companies DJI created a 249 grams drone??
- As per civil aviation authority bodies of India (DGCA) have come to the conclusion that drones weighing less than 250 grams are harmless and fall under the Nano category. It poses less risk during flight operations. But rules differ for each country as in various places 250 grams drone doesn’t require registration and further restrictions during flight operations are too relaxed.
- Drone tech giant DJI came up with the latest idea of developing DJI MAVIC Mini (249 grams) which allows it to fall under the Nano category. Yet DJI is a frontier for small yet powerful drones that can do complicated things under the low-risk category.
What is NPNT ??? (No permission No Take-off)
- Every RPA (Remotely Pilot Aircraft)is required to gain access to an Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit (UAOP) and the drone is required to have a Unique Identification Number (UIN).
- It is a part of the Digital Sky platform released by DGCA India. The pilot is required to obtain an Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit (UAOP) and the drone is required to have a Unique Identification Number (UIN).
- Before every flight, NPNT clearance is needed. It is a new concept for controlling UAV usage and traffic. It enables every RPA (remotely pilot aircraft)to obtain valid permission for flying except for Nano category one.
No drone will be able to fly without first specifying to the DGCA its:
- Intended flight envelope
- Time of flight
- Pilot credentials
How NPNT works ??
- RPA (remotely pilot aircraft) user installs the Digital Sky App provided by DGCA
- UIN (Unique Identification Number) with all the details is submitted to the app portal
- Permission is asked to DGCA via the app before flight clearance
- UIN, UAOP, and the current location is transmitted to the server
- The server checks whether it’s a green zone, yellow zone, or red zone.
- Checks for other exceptional entries for no permission or no-fly zones around airports, military installations, and the UIN, UAOP validity is scrutinized.
- If everything seems OK then the permission is sent with a notification to the user app
Talking about #Atmanirbhar Policy of developing a home made drone tech initiative is not a piece of cake for developing country such as India, where it has to compete with many tech giant such as DJI,HUBSAN,Parrot who are the best of the best in their respective technology aspects.
But days are not so far when India would be emerging as a tech giant and would make a milestone in the field of developing indigenous home made drone tech technology
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